Fraudulent Telefunding for Charitable Donations
Not Also Known As
Many fraudulent telemarketers claim to represent charitable organizations,
often using names similar to well-known, legitimate charities.
For example, they may call themselves the American Kidney Foundation
instead of the legitimate American
Kidney Fund, or the American Cancer Center instead of the real
American Cancer Society.
They will solicit a contribution or attempt to sell products that
will benefit a charity or a specified group, such as firefighters,
police or disabled and disadvantaged children. These products often
include light bulbs, vitamins, trash bags, or other household or
health aids that are sold for up to twenty times their value —all
in the name of charity.
Shysters typically choose "mom and apple pie" monikers
then prey on the altruistic impulses of people wishing to help
others who are experiencing distress. And once you have shown a
willingness to donate; they'll come back for more and more under
different names and causes, keeping your name on their "sucker
All For A Good Cause
They'll say that your funds will be used to:
||purchase equipment such as bulletproof
vests for law enforcement agencies or breathing apparatus for
||provide financial assistance to
the families of law enforcement officers or firefighters who
have been disabled or killed in the line of duty,
||purchase needed medical equipment,
supplies or gifts for sick children or veterans,
||provide food, clothing and shelter
to homeless people or wayward children,
||support educational and recreational
opportunities for children who are victims of fire or cancer,
||benefit anything that tugs on your
They can respond quickly when tragedy strikes in a far-off community
by establishing dedicated phone lines and local mail drops to solicit
funds for a site-specific event such as hurricanes, earthquakes,
blizzards, floods, bombings, a slain officer or a sickly child
who has attracted media interest. No funds will actually go to
the cause itself.
They will often claim to be from the police or fire department,
so that you feel pressured to donate, out of fear that you might
be deprived of their services in a time of need.
Commercial enterprises routinely place "donated clothing
bins" with charitable-like names prominently displayed on
their sides stating that a "portion" of the proceeds
go to charity. They could in turn donate any unwanted material,
as there are no restrictions on what that donated portion might
A donated car, which you felt where going to be scrapped, may
even end up being resold, whereby you could become liable for tickets,
fees, liens and accidents.
Fund-raisers often sell you tickets to events and then encourage
you to "donate back" the tickets so that they can give
them to worthy organizations and individuals who could not otherwise
attend the events such as poor, disabled war orphans.
In some cases, thousands of "donated back" tickets are
never actually purchased or distributed and in one case far exceeded
the seating capacity of the hall. For this reason some laws require
that before "donated back" tickets can be sold, the fund-raiser
must have commitments in writing from the intended recipients of
Cons With A Contract
More and more, large telemarketing firms are setting themselves
up to do the fundraising for actual charities who lack the facilities
or willing personnel. Typically, they pay a registered charity
a flat fee of $1,000 or $1,500 per week in exchange for the right
to solicit in the organization's name, with the amount increasing
to as much as $2,500 per week in the second or third years of their
contract with the organization. Any funds collected over that flat
amount are retained by the callers.
They may also agree to print and distribute a quarterly or yearly
publication for the organization in which they will print the names
of individuals and small businesses who donate or sponsor an ad.
The contracts usually call for them to use only "approved" scripts
and materials in soliciting the public. The contracts also authorize
them to open a bank account in the organization's name, for the
purpose of receiving donations.
Need Help Raking It In
This larger operation then contracts out to other fundraising
agents, providing them with a complete turnkey operation —from
an array of different nonprofit organizations for which to solicit,
to the telephone script and the brochures and invoices sent to
All the subcontractors have to do is provide the callers, telephone
lines and a means to collect the donations. A main 800 number is
preprinted on the solicitation materials provided to consumers,
so the head group receives most of the inquiries and complaints
concerning the fundraising calls made by their subcontractors.
Percentages May Vary
Donor checks collected by the subcontractors are forwarded on
for deposit in accounts that are in the charity's' names,
but controlled by others. From these accounts, they pay the subcontractors
a contracted percentage of the donation, usually around 80% of
the total collected.
In 1998, professional charity telemarketers raised $103.6 million
in Ohio alone, or nearly $2 million per week. The charities received
only $48 million of the money raised. The telemarketers kept $56
Civic, charitable and public safety organizations that use paid
telephone solicitors to raise money receive, on average, less than
30 cents for every dollar raised. These figures are for only registered
telemarketers and do not include fraudulent telemarketers who do
not register and keep a much greater percentage, if not all, of
the amount collected.
The commercial fund-raisers Rainbow Connections and Little Miracles
misrepresented the percentage of donations that would go to their
self-created charitable organization. They also claimed that funds
raised for Helping Hands and the Holiday Basket Fund would be used
to provide holiday food baskets for the poor, when in fact only
3 percent of the money was used for that purpose.
The Civic Development Group and the Children's Charity Fund told
donors that their "extraordinary organization provides
crucial medical services and equipment to disabled and handicapped
children throughout the state," when in fact, only half
of one percent of the money raised went for that purpose. Of $40,000
raised, the only medical equipment that was provided consisted
of a small shipment, to one hospital, of walkers and canes estimated
to be worth less than $200.
Give So We Can Live
You get a call from a person representing a charity called "Operation
Life" stating that you have been selected to receive a valuable
and extravagant prize —ranging in value from $3,500 to $50,000
in cash. You are then told that all you have to do to receive the
prize is to make a significant tax-deductible donation to "their" designated charity.
Not surprisingly, the prizes are almost worthless and any amount
of money that might reach actual charitable organizations is infinitesimal.
A reminder that slick professional materials don't make a charity
legitimate comes from one grassroots con who, with a computer and
a graphics print program, created his own charity and kept the
proceeds from the sale of discount coupon books which he said would
be used to help local troubled and homeless youth.
He recruited and used local high school students to sell the coupon
books, offering discounts from restaurants and businesses that
had never heard of it, nor offered such discounts. Although the
so-called charity had no relationship with local high schools,
students selling the coupon books were instructed to tell people
it was affiliated with the schools.
Holier Than Thou
One outfit using invented religious titles for themselves such
as "Brother Olaf" and "Sister Owen" claimed
that as much as 65% of the money donated would go directly to the
charitable purpose when in fact none did.
How Fast is Fast?
Merritt Productions, Inc., a professional fund-raiser hired by
the Dallas Sheriff's Union and the Dallas Police Patrolman's Union,
told consumers that they were raising money: to benefit the Dallas
Sheriff and Police Departments; for charitable purposes such as
children's parties; that contributions were tax-deductible, which
they were not; and that decals provided in return for contributions
entitled you to break traffic laws with impunity. They claimed
those who displayed such decals would not be detained by law enforcement
officers, regardless of their adherence to the laws in Texas.
They actually kept 85% of the money solicited from the public
with 15% going to the police unions, which used the money to benefit
their own members. Neither the Sheriff's Office nor the Police
Department ever benefited from the contributions.
Come Back With Your Quota
Youth In Progress and Team USA recruited
children as young as eleven to sell candy and other novelty items
door-to-door and in front of stores. They showed preprinted cards
that stated, "our main goal is to keep teens busy by providing
supervised activities after school and on weekends".
In fact, the children were not part of an organized youth program
as stated, but were paid for each item they sold. Parents thought
their children were adequately supervised and participating in
a charitable operation. Instead, they were often left on their
own for hours, unsupervised in strange and unfamiliar neighborhoods,
despite child labour laws which require a supervising adult be
in contact with the child every fifteen minutes.
Impact On Reputable Charities
Generous individuals rely on the false promises of benefits to
their local communities and donate in response to these fundraising
pleas, believing that their donation will support the programs
described to them. In fact, the small portion of the donation that
makes its way to the organization —often less than 10% of
the total amount raised —goes to the coffers of national
organizations which often do not undertake the programs described
to you or which are not active in your locale.
Nonprofit organizations that do undertake charitable endeavors
in your community also suffer from these deceptive tactics, as
individuals and businesses with limited disposable income have
fewer dollars available to support these local programs.
Tips To Avoid Trouble
Ask for written information and ID. A legitimate charity will
give you information outlining its mission, how your donation will
be distributed, and proof that your contribution is tax-deductible.
Many states require "paid fund-raisers" to identify themselves
as such and to name the charity for which they're soliciting.
Be skeptical if someone thanks you for a pledge you don't remember
making. Check your records if you have doubts about a pledge you
supposedly made. They may send someone to pick up the cheque if
they are working locally rather than mailing out a pledge card.
Refuse high pressure appeals as legitimate charities won't push
you to give on the spot.
Consider the costs. When buying merchandise or receiving free
goods for giving, remember that these items are paid for out of
your contribution. Be wary of guaranteed sweepstakes winnings in
exchange for your contribution. You never have to donate to be
eligible to win. Don't send cash. For security and tax record purposes,
pay by check. Write the official name of the charity on your check,
certainly not the telemarketers.
You should check their license or registration status because
there is no tax benefit if the operation turns out to be phony.
Call the local association of the organization to confirm whether
they are in fact holding a fundraising drive.
To investigate online visit JustGive, GuideStar, Give and
Although a 1988 U.S. Supreme Court decision prohibits states from
requiring paid fund-raisers to disclose to would-be contributors
how much of each dollar goes to the sponsoring charity, there's
no law that prohibits a prospective donor from asking, "Where
does the money go?" Before you pay or authorize a contribution,
the paid fund-raiser is required to tell you where you can get
Several years ago I discovered that my mother's retirement funds
were being seriously depleted at an alarming rate. She didn't have
enough money to replace a faulty gas heating unit, for example
Then I began to monitor her mail
She was getting solicitations from all sorts of charities and
from conservative causes (and politicians) that amounted to 35
to 45 pounds of mail per month. She was writing between $700 and
$1000 worth of checks to these organizations monthly.
I spent a couple of hundred dollars on long distance calls to
these groups in an attempt to get her name removed from their lists.
The promises they made, they never kept. I registered her with Direct
Mail, but that was also a wasted effort.
I talked to her endlessly. When I took away her checkbook, her
heart was broken. She felt out of control of her own life. I had
her stop payments on checks that she wrote at her bank. But the
next day, she'd return to writing checks. Jesse Helms sent her
12 identical mailings in one day asking for money. My mother, a
Southern Baptist, was bombarded with requests from Catholic charities.
I finally used my power of attorney and had her mail diverted
to my office. There I throw everything away. Now she gives heavily
to her local church, but that's all right. At least we know who's
getting the money and we hope that they are worthy. I wrote to
my congressional delegation, the attorneys general in several states,
and to the Postmaster. No one could help. Stopping the mail was
the only solution. Now I occasionally "hide" mail in
her box so that she thinks she still gets mail.
Charlotte Dean 12/21/00
What you describe is a common problem for many seniors and other
kind-hearted individuals. Once they are on one list, the requests
seem to multiply, as even the "legitimate" fundraisers
sell their lists to others to raise money.
Getting off of their databases is obviously a hard and long drawn
out task. Even the dead continue to be solicited after requests
to stop go unheeded, as I found out with my father-in-law. He gave
a bit to a lot of charities and while not quite as serious, the
mail still comes in bulk as you say.
It is not just the scammers who take advantage as you note. Political
parties, charities, etc. all rely on mass mailing to vulnerable
people. Imagine then, what it is like when the scammers have a
person on their hit list. Thanks for the insight.
I've written guest editorials for the local paper. And the NonProfit
Times (I think that is the name) also featured an article about
me and my mother's mail with a picture of a month's mountain of
At one point, she was getting mailings with "peal-and-stick" postage
paid labels that she was supposed to affix to an envelope with
her check in it. I used the "peal-and-sticks" on (expensive-to-mail)
boxes that got bigger and bigger as time went on.
Finally I was mailing (unpleasant) garbage in big pasteboard
boxes with the labels on them. The biggest I could find. All
I succeeded in doing was putting an end to the use of "peal-and-sticks" by
solicitation firms. This is a $40-50 billion dollar industry. Vast
amounts of money are being made in the solicitation business. It's
too lucrative and too pervasive for any single individual to attack
Charlotte - Florence, Alabama
Charity Golf Game
Mitchell D. Gold, 44, already facing 33 counts of mail fraud,
wire fraud and money laundering for raising $27 million in the
name of charity, but allegedly keeping most of it for himself and
his associates, is now under investigation in a scheme to defraud
golf-club buyers, according to police documents.
Phone salespeople apparently call golfers and offer a 60-day "test" of
clubs made from cutting-edge material called cryo-plasma, which
they say enables golfers to hit the ball farther with greater accuracy.
The telemarketers take a $1,300 security deposit on the clubs
which are manufactured and sold mostly by Professional Golf Products
of Huntington Beach though some of Gold's companies, including
State of the Art Golf Products and Desert Sports, also sell the
Many buyers were unimpressed after trying them but most couldn't
seem to get a refund, resulting in almost 300 complaints to the
Sad Vision of the Future
Investigators with the Department of Agriculture and Consumer
Services determined that Helping Hands for Veteran's and Florida's Future Today, in addition to not being registered, mislead
potential donors into believing the "charities" were
to use the donated money to benefit veterans and children. In fact,
the money collected was not being used for charitable purposes
Arrested were Ronald Lee Rosell and Michael Eugene Reed, both
of Florida, who if convicted, face up to five years in Florida's
Department of Corrections and a $5,000 fine on each felony count.
The arrests stem from the Governor's Strike Force Against Fraudulent
Enterprise Initiative (S.A.F.E.), an operation by multiple state
agencies to combat fraud in Florida where registration information
about charities can be determined by calling 1-800 HELPFLA (435-7352).
In the wake of September
11th, fraudulent charities wasted no time in pushing their
appeals onto the trusting and sympathetic public. Brian Walsh
of Ireland was so outraged by this abuse that he established
a website dealing with just that issue. It contains examples
of some of the many solicitations that have appeared. see also Giver
Beware in Smart Business Magazine.
03/04 - WASHINGTON (AP)--The public should be protected from telemarketers
who shade the truth about how much of your contribution really
goes to charity, government lawyers told the Supreme Court.
Illinois, backed by 45 states and the federal government, says
some such fund drives amount to fraud but telemarketers and many
large charities argue that their pitches are protected as free
``We ask this court not to hold that half-truths are constitutionally
protected," Illinois Assistant Attorney General Richard Huszagh
told the justices. His state wants to stop misleading sales pitches
made by a professional fund-raising firm in the name of a Vietnam
veterans' charity called VietNow.
Telemarketing Associates Inc. took in more than $8 million on
behalf of the veterans' charity, and pocketed 85 percent of the
money. Would-be donors allegedly were told their money would go
for food baskets, job training and other services for needy veterans,
with no mention of fund-raising costs.
Better-known charities have taken pains to distance themselves
from VietNow and its practices but still side with the charity
and its fund-raiser in the Supreme Court case saying that potential
donors would slam down the receiver if told upfront that a telemarketer
would keep the overwhelming share of any contribution.
The fees and overhead costs that telemarketers charge simply
are a cost of doing business, and there is an intangible value
in spreading a charity's message through fund drives, charities
contend. ``High fund-raising costs alone, and the failure to disclose
those costs, are not fraud," lawyer Errol Copilevitz argued for
the fund-raising firm.
Charitable solicitation is protected under the First Amendment,
and the Supreme Court has three times struck down state or local
laws intended to regulate how much charity fund-raisers were paid
or what donors must be told about the costs.
Illinois argued that free speech claims and the high court's previous
cases do not apply when the telemarketer charges so much and stretches
the truth besides. The state used its ordinary anti-fraud law to
sue the fund-raiser, but lost three rounds in state courts.
The Better Business Bureau's Wise Giving Alliance calculated that
VietNow spent 91 percent of what it raised in 2001 for fund raising,
and spent only 3 percent on charitable programs. ``VietNow has
one of the worst, if not the worst, performances of the charities
reviewed," the nonprofit alliance argued in a friend-of-the-court
Wise Giving's standard is that fund-raising and administrative
costs should not exceed 35 percent of funds raised from donors,
unless the charity provides evidence that its use of a greater
percentage is reasonable.
Still, the justices seemed reluctant to call the group's fund
drive a fraud.
"It may be easy to say that a company that keeps 85 or 90
percent of money raised in a charity's name is out of bounds",
Justice David Souter said, "But what about a split of 60-40,
Any attempt to set such percentage limits is asking for trouble,
Justice Antonin Scalia said then pointed to other potential problems
with prosecuting telemarketers for fraud. How, he asked, does government
gauge whether the public has been deceived? ``Are you going to
take a public opinion poll?"
The case is Madigan v. Telemarketing Associates Inc., 01-1806.
05/03 WASHINGTON (Reuters) - A unanimous Supreme Court ruled Monday
a state may pursue a fraud case against a professional telemarketing
firm for making false or misleading representations about how charitable
donations will be used.
The justices overturned an Illinois Supreme Court ruling that
dismissed on free-speech grounds a fraud lawsuit against a company
that said donations would go to charity but actually kept the vast
majority of the money.
Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg said the First Amendment protected
the right to engage in charitable solicitation, but did not shield
fraud. Therefore, the state's lawsuit could proceed.
The decision could have far-reaching implications for fund-raisers.
Charitable solicitations generate more than $200 billion a year,
with an even greater volume handled by professional telemarketers,
the state of Illinois said.
The ruling was a defeat for Telemarketing Associates Inc., a company
that calls people at home. The case involved donations on behalf
of an Illinois-based charity called VietNow.
The telemarketing firm told potential donors their contributions
would be used for charitable purposes, including providing food,
shelter and financial support for Vietnam War veterans.
But under an agreement with VietNow, the telemarketing firm kept
85 percent of the money for sales, expenses and profits while the
charity received 15 percent, Illinois said.
Illinois sued Telemarketing Associates and its owner, Richard
Troia, for violating the state's general anti-fraud laws. It said
the representations of how contributions would be used were false
and misleading, deceiving people for the telemarketer's financial
The lawsuit cited one instance in which a potential donor asked
how much went for fund-raising expenses and was told by the telemarketer
that "90 percent or more goes to the vets."
The Illinois Supreme Court dismissed the lawsuit on the grounds
that it would violate the firm's right to communicate freely with
Illinois argued the ruling "transformed the First Amendment
into a license for unscrupulous fund-raisers to defraud the public
in the name of raising money for charity, dealing a crippling blow
to one of the state's principal weapons against telemarketing fraud."
The Justice Department, the Federal Trade Commission, more than
40 states, the Council of Better Business Bureaus and the AARP
group representing those 50 or older all supported Illinois.
A number of telemarketing, charitable and nonprofit organizations
supported the company's free-speech argument.
Ginsburg said high fund-raising costs alone did not establish
She also said failure to disclose information on how much money
will be kept does not by itself establish fraud. But when nondisclosure
is accompanied by intentionally misleading statements designed
to mislead the listener, the First Amendment allows a fraud claim,
Trade Commission v. Community Affairs, Inc. et al.
The Federal Trade Commission filed a complaint alleging that Community
Affairs, Inc. et al., mislead donors during its telephone solicitations
by falsely representing that: the caller is a member of a law enforcement,
police, or firefighter organization; the contributor has a current or
previous relationship to the charitable organization for which the defendants
are soliciting funds; and all, or substantially all, of the money raised
goes to the charity or to specific programs. This case was filed as part
of the fundraising fraud sweep, "Phoney Philanthropy."
1] [TEXT 3]
By Suzanne Zalev, San Mateo County Times
11/01/03 - SAN JOSE -- An East Palo Alto police officer will stand
trial on telemarketing fraud charges as soon as there's an open
courtroom, Santa Clara County Deputy District Attorney Martha Donohoe
Officer Lesa Stone and five other people are accused of bilking
would-be donors out of more than $2.5 million in a telemarketing
scheme. Thirteen people were indicted in 2002 in connection with
the case, and all but six have pleaded guilty, Donohoe said.
Stone and the other defendants, including her ex-husband, are
accused of soliciting donations from organizations with names that
sounded like law enforcement but had no connection with any agency,
such as the "Santa Clara County Deputy Sheriffs' Sports Association." They
allegedly solicited more than $3 million in donations, but less
than $50,000 actually went to charity, prosecutors said.
Stone is charged with conspiracy, grand theft, embezzlement, perjury,
money laundering and tax evasion. If she is convicted of all charges,
plus enhancements, she could face up to 22 years and eight months
in prison, Donohoe said.
If Stone is acquitted, Bowling said she'll be put back on regular
duty. The possible stigma of having an officer who was indicted
for multiple felonies "has concerned me, but legally, she
has a right to her job if she hasn't been convicted," Bowling
said. If she's convicted, he said, the department would move to
'Church' Founder Accused Of Creating
Charities, Pocketing Money in Church Scam
11/04/03 LOS ANGELES -- The founder of a Costa Mesa, Calif., "church" was
convicted with his boyhood friend Monday of pocketing millions
solicited ostensibly for homeless children, AIDS research, veterans,
police and the like.
A federal jury found Gabriel Bernardo Sanchez,
36, and Timothy James Lyons, 35, guilty of 33
counts of mail fraud and 10 counts of money laundering, said Assistant
U.S. Attorney Ellyn Lindsay.
Sanchez founded First Church of Life in Costa
Mesa in 1993. The next year, the church registered various fictitious
business names, such as American Veterans Help Fund and Americans Against Drugs.
Christian Outreach Ministries and Mercy
Ministries were added, starting in 1997, and two years
later, Mercy changed its name to Glory Ministries,
according to a federal indictment that referred to the entities
as "sham churches."
Using telemarketers, Sanchez and Lyons "solicited $7 million
in the name of needy people," Lindsay said.
"But the biggest percentage, 90 percent, went to Lyons and
(the) telemarketers," Lindsay said. "Of the 10 percent
that supposedly went to charity, virtually all went to Sanchez."
"It was a modest living (for Sanchez), but it was at the
expense of needy people," she said.
Beginning in August 1993, Lyons owned and operated North
American Acquisitions, which in turn "employed
telemarketers and contracted with outside telemarketing operations
to raise funds for the sham churches and purported charities," according
to the indictment.
"Virtually no money was spent on any of the programs the
sham churches and purported charities claimed to support," the
An Internal Revenue Service agent cited 14 criteria the agency
uses to determine if a church is legitimate or a tax dodge, Lindsay
One is whether there is a regular congregation that attends services.
According to testimony, Lindsay said, Sanchez met one criteria:
"The defense was that this was a legitimate charity," Lindsay
said. Neither William Kennon, Sanchez' attorney, nor David Conn,
Lyons' attorney, could be reached for comment.
Both defendants were taken into custody after the verdicts were
read, Lindsay said, and each faces up to five years per count of
mail fraud and 20 years per money laundering count. U.S. District
Judge David Carter set sentencing for Feb. 9.
Co-defendant Steven De Lattore, 33, admitted
to one count of mail fraud before trial. He faces five years in
prison when he is sentenced Jan. 5.
Another co-defendant, Roger Lane, 34, pleaded
guilty to two counts of mail fraud and faces up to 10 years. Sentencing
for Lane is also set for Jan. 5.
I Wish They'd Stop Calling
01/04 - Maine - Telemarketers are calling asking for donations
to local police and firefighters and the Make-A-Wish Foundation,
which grants the wishes of terminally ill children.
Problem is that police and firefighters have nothing to do with
the calls and Make-A-Wish never raises funds over the telephone.
The scammers ask people for different levels of donations, say,
$100, $80, $60, then if people decline, they will reduce the amount
asked, or become more high-pressure. For authenticity they even
have "supervisors" come on the line.
They then mail out a thin envelope of materials, bumper stickers,
pictures of men in uniform and a brochure which asks that checks
be made out to the "International Police and Firemen's Game."
The non-existent game, it claims, has been in existence since
1954, sending police officers and firefighters every two years
to sports competitions held in Germany, Canada and Australia.
Those who receive similar calls are asked to contact the Make-A-Wish
Foundation at 1-800-491-3171.
Seven accused in charity scam
By Kim O'Brien Root - Daily Press
01/04 NORFOLK, VA -- The pleas for money sounded legitimate - donations
would go to help disadvantaged children and the elderly, fund mentoring
programs, encourage diversity, even support the families of victims from
the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks.
It was all a scam, federal authorities said Tuesday.
An indictment unsealed Tuesday accuses seven Hampton Roads residents
of soliciting donations for various charitable causes, then keeping the
money for themselves. Authorities say the group collected hundreds of
thousands of dollars from mostly small businesses in Hampton Roads and
the Northern Neck over seven years.
Authorities said there could be hundreds to thousands of victims, some
who have not been located.
"If there is such a thing as a career or serial con artist, these defendants
would certainly be at the top of the list," Paul McNulty, U.S. Attorney
for the Eastern District of Virginia, said during a news conference Tuesday.
The 31-count indictment charges seven people with conspiracy to commit
mail fraud, wire fraud, use of a fictitious name, money laundering and
conspiracy to commit money laundering. Those charged include John Maurice
Henoud, 51, Sharon Kay Moore, 43, and Ronald Clark Morrison, 50, all
of Virginia Beach; Russell D. Williford, 70, and Ralph Collins, 67, both
of Chesapeake; Matthew John Russo, 40, of Portsmouth; and Douglas Harold
Decker, 61, of Suffolk.
All but Williford and Morrison, both thought to be out of town, were
arrested Tuesday, McNulty said.
Henoud, considered to be the ringleader, formed two purportedly nonprofit
organizations - Youth At Risk Foundation and Just Sports Publications
- that claimed to provide charitable services for disadvantaged youth,
according to authorities. Those and several more sub-groups claimed to
provide programs that would develop young athletes, sponsor middle school
basketball tournaments, promote diversity and help at-risk youth.
Some of what the organizations did appeared legit, authorities said:
They sold advertising space to businesses, printed souvenir programs
for high school sporting events and sponsored a scholarship program for
high school athletes.
Donations for the programs were solicited on Web sites, by telephone
and by advertising sales, and were collected in person, by mail and by
wire transmissions, authorities said. Knowingly fraudulent checks worth
$163,000 were cashed at Bunny's Pawn Shop in Suffolk, where Russo and
Decker are managers, authorities said.
Cash donations haven't been accounted for.
Five businesses on the Peninsula and several in Suffolk were named in
the indictment as being victims. Esther Petty, owner of Decorating by
the Yard in York County, said she remembers writing a check to advertise
in a publication for senior citizens. The $45 was supposed to help the
elderly, for whom she has a soft spot, she said.
But authorities said that was one of the schemes - selling advertising
space in something called the Senior Shopping Guide. Proceeds were supposed
to fund programs for senior citizens, but the guides were rarely produced
and no programs were funded through ad sales, the indictment alleges.
"Wow," Petty said Tuesday after being told of the indictment. "I'm
not an easy sell. I guess you have to be careful."
Another scheme collected donations and promised scholarships to high
school athletes - two in Virginia Beach and one in Newport News - but
never made good on the scholarships, the indictment said. In another
scheme, according to the indictment, Henoud represented himself as the
cousin of a passenger on one of the planes that struck the World Trade
Center in the terrorist attacks.
Henoud solicited money for the families of victims - an Episcopalian
day school donated $210 - and went to a charity event to raise money,
but none made it to any fund, the indictment said. He also wasn't related
to any of the Sept. 11 victims.
Federal authorities began investigating the alleged scams nine months
ago after receiving complaints. McNulty said the schemes were able to
continue for so long because usually small amounts of money were collected
from a large number of people.
Anyone who thinks they might have been a victim is asked to contact Jennifer
Stacoffe, an FBI victim specialist, at 455-2649.
September 11 Charity Scam - above was at www.dailypress.com/news/local/dp-41948sy0jan14,0,7084580.story?coll=dp-news-local-final
EX-LAWMAN AMONG THOSE ACCUSED OF STEALING MILLIONS RAISED
OVER PHONE By Dan Reed - Mercury News
For more than a decade, Armand Tiano and the Kellner brothers
counted on the kindness of strangers to raise millions of dollars
over the phone.
And why wouldn't people want to give to worthy causes?
Callers, supposedly from local law enforcement associations, talked
about donations for widows and orphans, about giving Easter baskets
to the poor, sports tickets to needy children -- and even cash
to the grieving family of a slain Millbrae police officer.
The problem, according to Santa Clara County prosecutors, is that
out of more than $3.6 million raised from 1993 to 2000, less than
$50,000 went to such good works. Tiano, a former Santa Clara County
sheriff's lieutenant, and his ex-wife, Lesa Carole Stone, an East
Palo Alto police officer, allegedly spent the donations on such
luxuries as race cars, trucks, boats and artwork.
Today, Tiano, Stone, George and Matt Kellner, their mother, Lovie
Marie Nicoletti, and Joseph Dagna will sit before a jury of six
men and six women in a Santa Clara County courtroom, accused of
running a bogus charity to defraud donors.
About a half-dozen others have already pleaded guilty to various
counts -- including telemarketer Gerrit Buijtendijk, who got the
longest term: three years, eight months. All of them are expected
to testify against the remaining defendants.
Martha Donohoe, the deputy district attorney prosecuting the case,
said the defendants constructed sham organizations with law enforcement
names -- the Police Benevolent Fund & Youth Foundation, the
Santa Clara County Deputy Sheriffs' Sports Association, the Police & Sheriffs'
Athletic League Community Fund, to name a few.
``They were not operating as legitimate corporations," Donohoe
said. ``They did not have law enforcement members."
The boiler rooms -- phone rooms with about 20 callers a day --
dotted the South Bay, with offices in San Jose, Los Altos and Mountain
The Kellners, professional fundraisers for at least two decades,
also have run boiler rooms in Walnut Creek and Pleasanton.
Buijtendijk told grand jurors how a typical pitch worked, with
the prosecutor role-playing as the target and Buijtendijk peddling
tickets to a game staged by the ``Deputy Sheriffs' Athletic League":
Buijtendijk: ``I was wondering, would you be able to sponsor maybe
five children this year?"
Prosecutor: ``How much would that cost?
Buijtendijk: ``Fifty dollars for the year. Would that be OK?"
Buijtendijk: ``And also we will give you the tickets or you can
donate them back to us (to) sponsor some children in foster homes,
elementary schools and hospitals."
Prosecutor: ``The children will get to go to the games if I send
my tickets back?"
The telemarketers then send a runner to pick up the check. Donors
are labeled as ``taps," or those who have given in the past and
should be called again.
None of attorneys for the three suspected ringleaders -- Tiano
and the Kellners -- returned phone messages Friday.
Tiano is being held in county jail in lieu of $1 million bail.
A bit of a showman, Tiano had run unsuccessfully for sheriff twice
and had been convicted of molesting Stone's two teenage daughters.
In June, he finished a 16-month sentence for failing to register
as a sex offender.
The former lawman and the career telemarketers forged their relationship
in 1983, when Tiano was president of the Santa Clara County Deputy
Sheriffs' Association. Soon after Tiano contracted with the Kellners
to raise money for his group, the brothers began siphoning off
donations ``for their own personal use" and ``making secret payments"
to him to talk up their business to other potential clients, the
In the early 1990s, the once-thriving fundraising enterprise --
which, at one point, had spread its tentacles under the Kellners
to other states -- had begun to suffer from bad press. Contra Costa
County newspapers ran a series of articles exposing their questionable
And the climate worsened, the indictment says, after KTVU (Ch.
2) reported on the Kellners' ``unscrupulous fundraising and business
The brothers took cover. They created a new corporation in Nevada
with different officers to conceal their roles and dodge the bad
publicity -- not to mention ``legitimate claims of judgment creditors
and taxing authorities."
The foulest of the purported scams came in 1998, after the death
of Millbrae police officer Dave Chetcuti, a veteran cop who was
shot to death by a motorist.
``Immediately after his death they started calling, `Do you want
to make a donation to the children's trust fund for the Chetcuti
family?"' Donohoe recalled.
They raised more than $20,000, ``probably substantially more,"
she said. Chetcuti's family saw nothing.
His widow is scheduled to testify at the trial.
Matt Kellner and Tiano are facing more than 25 years in prison;
George Kellner could get a dozen.
Counterfeit Cancer Charity Bracelets
01/05 - Eight stores in New York have allegedly been selling imitations
of the popular yellow "LiveStrong" wristbands and keeping the money
that would otherwise go to the Lance Armstrong Foundation for cancer
The area Consumer Protection Department issued citations against the
stores, the latest sign of a counterfeiting trend dogging the foundation
by engaging in "unconscionable and deceptive trade practices."
People think their money is going to a charitable program to help those
with cancer, but with these phony bracelets, that is not the case.
The foundation has sold 30 million of the rubbery wristbands, which have "LiveStrong" engraved on them, at $1 each from its Internet sites, official Nike retailers
and some bike shops. Armstrong, the six-time Tour de France champion, is a cancer survivor.
In recent months, the foundation has received several reports of fake
wristbands, especially from the Northeast.
"It is extremely disappointing to learn that individuals are profiting from the
sale of counterfeit wristbands," spokeswoman Michelle Milford said in an e-mail
message. "It is not only illegal, but it is unethical to profit from the sale
of counterfeit LiveStrong wristbands."
She said the foundation has taken "appropriate steps" to battle counterfeit
sales. She would not elaborate.
The eight stores are subject to fines of up to $1,000 if the accusation
holds up after a hearing.
Excerpt from Questionable
Fundraising Practices by Ontario Police Association Telemarketers
Would you give that same dollar.... knowing a minimum of only
as 17 cents was guaranteed
to go to the Cops and the kids...... while telemarketers guarantee
themselves up to 83 cents .....
of your dollar which
ends up in the coffers of an American company, Millennium Teleservices in Charleston West Virginia!!! 800-423-9411
If you get a call for money, simply ask the person on the phone.
"Are you a volunteer? Is that your real name Bill, or your
telemarketing name? Do you work for a telemarketing or promotion
company?.... How much money do you make on the telephone Bill?....
"Why can't you tell me Bill, it's my money and if I donate
it, why can't you tell me Bill, what you're doing with my money?"